You know when you think you know something because you know a little about it, then you read a lot about it and realise you didn’t actually know anything about it?
Yeah—bummer, isnt it?
Why do people think they are better at something than they are, then?
According to Justin Kruger and a David Dunning, who reported in a 1999 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology article, when people are unskilled, they are unaware of it. This causes a double whammy effect and a double dose of stupid. Sounds cruel, but it’s true. Or to be more precise, it’s not that it’s IQ related, it’s not. It’s a skill. People who are incompetent in a task, lack the skills necessary to realise their own incompetence. And this came to be known as The Dunning-Kruger effect, named after, you guessed it.
“Real knowledge is to know the extent of one’s ignorance. -Confucius.
“I know nothing except the fact of my ignorance. -Plato
“The fool doth think he is wise, but the wise man knows himself to be a fool. -William Shakespeare, A You Like It
“Ignorance more frequently begets confidence than does knowledge: it is those who know little, and not those who know much, who so positively assert that this or that problem will never be solved by science. -Charles Darwin
“To succeed in life, you need two things: ignorance and confidence. -Mark Twain
“Beware of false knowledge; it is more dangerous than ignorance. -George Bernard Shaw
“Confidence is the prize given to the mediocre. -Robert Hughes
“One of the painful things about our time is that those who feel certainty are stupid, and those with any imagination and understanding are filled with doubt and indecision. -Bertrand Russell